Windows 10 For Beginners

by Other

Author Other Isbn 1517077087 File size 35 4 MB Year 2015 Pages 70 Language English File format PDF Category Software Windows 10 sees the return to a system we all know and love The Start menu is back It also sees the introduction of your own voice powered personal assistant Cortana You can ask her what the weather will be or ask her to tell you a joke That s not all Microsoft have retired Internet Explorer and introduced Microsoft Edge annotate web pages create reading lists and b

Publisher :

Author : Other

ISBN : 1517077087

Year : 2015

Language: English

File Size : 35.4 MB

Category : Software

Welcome to

Windows 10
With Windows 8, we saw a radical departure from any Windows operating system we
knew in recent times. The Start menu was gone and it mostly worked off a tiled-based
system rather than the desktop. There was an outcry from users who were adverse
to change, but Microsoft listened, and Windows 10 sees the return to a system we
all know and love. The Start menu is back. But the tiled system isn’t redundant, it has
been integrated into the Start menu, and you can view your apps in a Start screen
manner if you want to. Windows 10 also sees the introduction of your own, voicepowered personal assistant, Cortana. You can ask ‘her’what the weather will be, or
ask her to tell you a joke. That’s not all, Microsoft have retired Internet Explorer, and
introduced Microsoft Edge, annotate web pages, create reading lists and browse the
internet in style. Go forth and discover exactly what Windows 10 has to offer.
Enjoy the book.

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The ultimate
guide to
Windows 10

Setting up

Getting started

22 Upgrade to Windows 10
24 Connect to Wi-Fi
26 Create an account with


28 Create a user account
30 Add a password to protect
your account
32 Improve your security
34 Change the desktop image
36 Personalise the Start menu
38 Customise your PC’s settings
to suit your needs
42 Use Control Panel to manage
your system settings
46 Set up the Windows firewall
48 Set up Windows Defender

6 Windows 10 for Beginners

Master the new Start menu
Start using multiple desktops
Learn to use Task Manager
Use the Notifications centre
Customise your application
62 Change your default programs
64 Switch between applications
66 Arrange your windows with a
68 Look to the future with
Universal apps
70 Introducing Cortana, your
personal assistant
72 Use voice search with Cortana
74 Set up and add contacts

76 Set up an email account
78 Send an email with

80 Get to grips with the
Calendar app


Add an event to your Calendar
Get to know Microsoft Edge
Bookmark a site with Edge
Pin a site to the Start menu
Clear browsing history
Make notes and more on Edge

94 Add a web site/article to your
Reading list


Browse the Windows Store
Download an app
Explore the Maps features
Find your way with Maps
Upload, share and sync with
Microsoft’s OneDrive

the web

The next step
108 Understand the Skype

Experience a video call in
Import photos from your
Edit your photos
Make home movies with
Windows 10
Utilise the integrated
Xbox app
Download new media
Add music to your library
Create, format and edit with
Microsoft Word
Complete difficult tasks with
Microsoft Excel
Create sophisticated
presentations in minutes




Make a


“Incredibly, 2015
marks 30 years
since the first
commercial release of
Microsoft’s Windows”




Windows 10 for Beginners 7

Ultimate guide

8 Windows 10 for Beginners

guide to
Windows 10
Discover everything you need to know about the
brand-new operating system


ncredibly, 2015 marks 30 years since the first commercial release of
Microsoft’s Windows. Through a myriad of ground-breaking iterations, the
operating system continues to redefine how users interact with not just PCs
but tablets, smartphones and even games consoles too. Apt then that in this
anniversary year we welcome the latest release since Windows 8 almost three
years prior. Windows 10 promises a unified experience across modern devices,
unveiling a raft of new features alongside some old favourites. Fans will be
heartened to find classic desktop staples, most notably the iconic Start menu,
returned in versatile style. This time, users are encouraged to customise Windows

“It promises a unified experience
across modern devices”
to blend popular aspects of Vista and Windows 7 with the touch-screen
optimisation of Windows 8. The Start screen is banished to let Live Tiles and
legacy Metro apps live happily within new virtual desktops. Tighter integration
with Windows Store for software distribution, Cortana for spoken word
assistance and a brand new Edge web browser all make for exciting reading. So,
with so much to discover, join us on a tour of Windows 10’s best bits. Familiarise
yourself with essential desktop features, explore interfaces, learn shortcuts, and
even source accessories for Microsoft’s most anticipated release to date.

Windows 10 for Beginners 9

Ultimate guide
In the early formative years of GUI computing,
Windows defined the desktop paradigm.
This background space, populated by icons
and windows would come to form a familiar
’home’ to millions of users. While Windows
8 moved away from a desktop focus,
Windows 10 places it back at the forefront
of PC interaction. Again, you can customise
wallpapers and decorate with shortcuts,
while the traditional taskbar resides below.
The Start menu also returns, while seamless
integration of the Cortana voice assistant and
Action Center for notifications also arrives.
Rather neatly too, Metro apps now behave
more respectfully to the new desktop when
launched. Rather than filling the screen
completely, such apps are now windowed
and resizable to make usage more versatile.
Similarly, the new Task View button opens an
array of virtual desktops for extending your
workspace and improving workflow. Add to
this instant access to the new Edge browser
and Xbox Live connectivity for delivering
unparalleled online performance and you
have a desktop full of powerful features.

The evolution of smartphone technology
has made voice operation more prevalent.
Introduced within Windows Phone 8.1,
Cortana is Microsoft’s intelligent personal
assistant, responding to naturally spoken or
typed commands. That identical functionality
is now integrated into the desktop, called
upon via the taskbar search bar or indeed
with the “Hey Cortana” command. Cortana
then searches your PC for files, folders or apps
and performs tasks like calendar reminders or
sending emails. It uses Bing search technology,
so you can ask for weather reports, sports
scores or web searches just as you would a
friend. By using Cortana this way and telling
’her’ about working habits, interests, favoured
locations and quiet times, this addition grows
in awareness. With settings for addressing you
by name, vocal training and turning Cortana
off altogether, it really is like having a real PA.

10 Windows 10 for Beginners

Start menu
Out with the new, and in with the old, the Start menu is back!
Start menu

Live Tiles

This left area pins popular
system locations, places,
most-used apps and indeed
a list of all apps below

The right side pins Live
Tiles or Metro apps, with
re-arrangement just a case
of clicking and dragging

Search bar
The search bar
finds installed
apps, folders and
documents, but
also allows you to
run apps directly

Windows 8’s removal of the Start menu in
favour of the Start screen was a bugbear for
veteran users. The lingering expectation for
clicking that familiar Windows icon to launch
popular programs made losing this popular
feature jarring for some. Happily though,
Windows 10 not only places the Start Menu
back into the left corner of the desktop
taskbar, it also offers greater flexibility over its
function and behaviour. By default, the ’new’
Start menu accommodates not only typical
desktop apps and places, but also Live Tiles for
Windows 8-style favourites. Crucially though,

Power Button
The power button with
options for Sleep, Shut down
and Restart is moved back to
the top of the menu

the Windows 10 Start menu allows Live Tile
functionality to be switched off completely,
along with unpinning Metro apps such as Mail,
Weather, Store and so on. Alternatively, users
can opt to view the Start menu full-screen,
providing the best of both worlds for those
wanting retro or more modern modes of
operation. Either way, general customisation
extends to colour settings and a dedicated
properties checklist for pinning only the most
useful system locations. All in all then, the Start
menu is back and better than ever, and we
couldn’t be more glad!

“Windows 10 places the Start menu
back into the left corner”

Windows 10 for Beginners 11

Ultimate guide

Windows Store

Microsoft’s marketplace for adding apps receives a welcome revamp
Windows 8 ushered in a new way to download
and install apps on your PC and supported
devices: the Windows Store. For the launch of
Windows 10, the Windows Store was given
a Beta facelift, which was made accessible as
part of the OS’s technical preview.
So, although the new design is subject
to ongoing changes, when you click that
shopping bag taskbar button or Start menu
tile, we think you will be pleasantly surprised.
Most notably, the general layout from the
’Home’ page throughout is much cleaner and
more organised, with a carousel of latest and
featured apps along the top. Here you will

also find links to core Apps, Games, Music and
Music & TV categories, as well as quick access
to download queues, your account profile and
the search bar.
What’s more is that scrolling is now vertical,
as opposed to purely horizontal, and far easier
to browse personal picks, top charts and bestrated apps. With more than 206,000 listed
as of April 2015, these intuitive and cosmetic
changes should go a long way to delighting
both contributing developers and Windows
app fans alike!
Check out the interface below and
familiarise yourself with it.

Top Categories

App listings

Links to Home, Apps
(non-game), Game,
Music and Movies & TV
keep general navigation
more intuitive

Apps are itemised by
categories and picks,
providing full details
and reviews as you
click through

Vertical scrolling
Downloads, Account and Search
Check pending downloads, your
Microsoft account profile and indeed
search directly for a desired app

12 Windows 10 for Beginners

Quite simply, this minor
tweak makes viewing
lengthy listings much
more in keeping with
Windows convention

Codenamed Project Spartan in development,
Microsoft Edge is a brand new web browser
for Windows 10. Built from the ground up
and unveiled in January 2015, Edge actually
replaces Internet Explorer as the default
browser across Windows 10 platforms. For
many, this moving away from an iconic, albeit
often maligned, browser is of most interest
and brings some innovative features. Here,
Edge reinvents the online experience, allowing
users to share annotated pages with Web
Notes. A new ’Hub’ panel collects reading lists,
favourites, visit history and downloads, while
Cortana integration keeps searches simple.
IE’s successor promises to perform faster than
the rest.

“It reinvents the
online experience”

Multiple desktops
As part of Windows 10’s renewed emphasis on desktop interaction,
users can now spawn multiple instances known as Virtual Desktops.
This essentially allows you to widen your workspace beyond the
confines of a single monitor. By clicking the Task View taskbar
button you can view the current desktop list, adding as many as
you wish. Open apps and windows can then be dragged and
dropped into active desktops or entirely new ones, with handy
shortcuts available for organising and navigating. This ability to
dedicate desktops to specific applications should offer significant
gains in workflow productivity.

Windows Hello
Revolutionising system security, Windows Hello is Windows 10’s
new login technology extending Microsoft Passport. Alongside
a unique four-digit pin for general sign-in, individual users can
be recognised by more personal physical features. Supported
peripherals, such as an IR camera and fingerprint sensor, are
required, allowing you to scan the face, iris or fingertips. Such
wholly unique biometric data can be used to not only access
Windows 10 but also make purchases on the Windows Store and
beyond. Initialised via Settings>Account>Sign-in options, the
system prompts you to train the selected recognition type.

Windows 10 for Beginners 13

Ultimate guide
Along with Cortana, the Action Center makes
the leap from Windows Phone into Windows
10. Many then will already know that this is
where to expect notifications, but in some
ways, Action Center arrives to form a crucial
core to Microsoft’s new OS. Housed in a flyout panel on the right side of the desktop,
live slide-in notifications are archived here for
important events in real-time. From here you
can review system, app and communication
events, and simply mouse over before clicking
‘X’ to dismiss. Utilising ’Windows everywhere’
to sync the experience over your multiple
devices, Action Center ensures all your
Windows notifications are shared across PC,
tablet or phone.

“Shared across PC,
tablet or phone”
Windows Explorer
The tried and trusted method for browsing your PC’s contents
for so long lives on in Windows 10. Windows Explorer, known
more recently as simply File Explorer, remains a key fixture for
hierarchically browsing not just local files and folders but also
connected drives, network places and OneDrive cloud storage.
Essentially still a familiar panelled window showing folder trees
to the right and thumbnail previews to the right, File Explorer by
default shows a useful ’Quick Access’ view. Here you’ll find items
presented within customisable smart categories, and hopefully
providing rapid access to those documents, photos or media you
cherish most.
Groupings for files or folders tagged as ’Favourites’, ’Frequent
folders’ and indeed ’Recent files’, are all shown here for more
convenient navigation. As with most things in Windows 10, Folder
Options here can be customised via View>Options, giving you
choices about how your File Explorer history is best represented. It
allows you to use your system how you want.

“The tried and trusted
method for browsing your
PC’s contents”
14 Windows 10 for Beginners

The way users customise and set up device preferences is changing in Windows 10
System & Devices

Personalisation & Accounts

Find crucial settings for
the current Windows 10
system and any devices or
peripherals connected

Set options for exactly how you
would prefer Windows 10 to look,
while controlling access to
system accounts

Search for a setting

Update & Recovery

If you cannot find a
certain setting, simply
enter a description in the
Search bar

Important options for keeping
Windows 10 current and
updated have been moved
here from the Control Panel

If you asked veteran Windows users about
where to find the most crucial settings for
their system, most would say Control Panel.
This was always the traditional home for
configuring every aspect of the OS, offering
several layers of complexity based on how
advanced and deep users wanted to go.
Control Panel still exists in Windows 10, but
it is tucked away in favour of a new ’Settings’
app that can be found on the left-hand side
of the new Start menu. Offering a more
streamlined top-level view, icons relating to
System, Devices and Network & Internet can all
be located here.
Beyond popular preferences on power
management, displays, peripherals and Wi-Fi,
users can then personalise how Windows
10 looks and general accessibility or privacy

levels. Designed universally for devices
beyond merely the PC, these basic settings
can be expanded using the search bar in
the top right. Here, more advanced options
housed within Control Panel can be queried
more rapidly.
Conversely, you’ll also find common ’quick
actions’ for popular settings at the bottom of
the Action Center notifications panel.
Take some time to explore the Control
Panel settings; it can make it much easier
to find what you are looking for when
you come to change your settings
at a later date.

Windows 10 for Beginners 15

Ultimate guide

Keyboard shortcuts
Read up on your keyboard combinations to unlock faster
access among Windows 10’s notable new features
The rise of Windows in the formative years of mainstream home
computing really went hand in glove with the mouse. The Graphical
User Interface (GUI) and its Windows, Icon, Mouse and Pointer (WIMP)
paradigm liberated users a little from their keyboards. However, both
peripherals very much remain standard for desktop PCs and even in
virtual form on touch devices.
With Windows 10 harnessing next-gen forms of input alongside
predominantly the pointer, lest we forget the usefulness of the
keyboard for system shortcuts. These quick key combinations
still represent the fastest form of performing interface actions for
most, with Windows 10 ensuring its myriad of new features can
be accessed this way. In this section we delve deep into the many
available, and focus on those that users will want to learn first. Along
with outlining the key combos themselves, we’ll explain what each
does and the applied context.

“Performing interface
actions quickly”


+ Ctrl + D

+ Left/Right

Use this shortcut to open or spawn
a new Virtual Desktop and be
switched to it





+ Ctrl + D
Use this shortcut to close the current
Virtual Desktop when working with
more than one



+ Tab

Get rapid access to the settings
where core settings for your
device can be found

Use this keystroke to initiate a Cortana search
with keyboard selected as input method instead
of speech

This useful keystroke instantly locks your
Windows 10 device on cue when you may
wish to leave it unattended



16 Windows 10 for Beginners


Windows 10 allows window snapping vertically or within a 2x2
grid. This combination snaps the current window to the screen
left or right

+ 1,2,3…

With this shortcut you can quickly
launch the Windows 10 Task View
for organising your Virtual Desktops

Remember ‘A’ for Action Center because this
handy little shortcut is used to open your
Windows 10 notifications


Using a number key with the
Windows one allows you to launch
programs pinned to your task bar

Alt + Tab
Not a new shortcut for Windows 10, but useful
for switching between open windows across all
Virtual Desktops




Alt + F4



+ Ctrl + Left/Right

When on your Windows 10 desktop, this
keystroke opens the Power dialogue to
shut down, restart, sleep or switch user


Ctrl + A

While working with multiple Virtual Desktops,
alternate arrow keys switch between the
previous or next desktop



+ Up/Down
This combination will snap the current
window to the screen top or bottom

Windows 10 now has shortcuts for the Command Prompt,
enabled via Properties. This combo selects current line
text or all text



Alt + Spacebar

Use from the desktop to open
Windows Explorer and browse
your system files rapidly



Still working in Windows 10, this old shortcut
allows you to minimise, maximise or close the
current active window






This shortcut minimises all
windows within the current
desktop space



Use this combination instead
to initiate a Cortana search
with speech input



Ctrl + C, Ctrl + Insert

Ctrl + V, Shift + Insert

This pair of shortcuts copies the selected
text to the system clipboard

Use this pair of Command Prompt shortcuts to paste
the copied text from the clipboard to the cursor

Windows 10 for Beginners 17

Ultimate guide

Essential accessories
Detailing those extra products and peripherals required for squeezing the
most power out of Windows 10

Surface 3 Docking Station
With support for Windows 8.1 and higher, this official Microsoft
product transforms your Surface tablet into a desktop device. Beyond
a 48-watt power supply input for charging while you work, it features
two USB 3.0 and 2.0 ports, Gigabit Ethernet and 3.5mm connectors for
audio input/output. A Mini DisplayPort for external monitors facilitates
HD video output up to a whopping 3840x2600 DPI resolution making
this the ideal way to enjoy Windows 10 when not on the move. For an
RRP of £164.99/$256, this 800g accessory even offers pen storage!

“Transform your
tablet into a
desktop device”
Microsoft Lumia
640 & 640 XL
Two of the latest handsets in the Microsoft Lumia
range for 2015 are both primed for Windows 10. Each
earmarked as among the first for the free OS upgrade,
the phones offer an ideal midrange price point for
experiencing Windows Phone. Bundled with 8.0MP
and 13.0MP cameras respectively, both phones come
in a selection of four
vibrant colours and
boast 8GB of device
storage plus 30GB via
OneDrive. Quad-core
1.2Ghz processors
and 4G LTE Network
support ensure fast
performance and
snappy response
times when using
Cortana and all your
favourite apps.

18 Windows 10 for Beginners

Microsoft Band
Powered by the Microsoft Health app and a web-based dashboard,
Microsoft Band is predominantly a fitness assistant. Wearable around the
wrist, the £169.99/$265 device doubles as a watch while tracking heart
rate, sleep habits and running distances with GPS mapping. Additionally
though you’ll find tiled apps for previewing Email and managing
calendar alerts, along with receiving notifications on calls, text messages
and social media. Working in conjunction with Windows Phone and
offering Cortana support, users can surely expect further integration with
Windows 10 going forward.

Xbox One Wireless
Controller & Adapter

U.are.U 4500 Reader

PC gaming disciples should rejoice at the embrace of Xbox gaming
services within Windows 10. The new OS delivers a dedicated Xbox app
to the desktop providing access to your gaming history, Xbox Live and
indeed the ability to stream console titles to PC and tablet alike. But to
truly harness the entertainment potential here you’ll likely want to use
the very same Xbox controllers and peripherals too. Well the good news
is, you can, and whether you own
the console or not, the superb
Xbox One wireless controller
with chat headset is fully
compatible with Windows
10. You will require a special
USB dongle adapter with a
Bluetooth receiver,
however, at an additional
cost of around $25/£15.99,
which Microsoft
announced availability for
later this year.

Available from stockists such as Amazon and, this digitalPersona USB fingerprint reader
is a great example of an affordable biometric device.
In truth, any supported reader is ideal for unlocking
the next-gen security features of Windows Hello.
With Windows 10 now able
to learn and recognise
fingerprints, faces and even
the distinctive pattern
of your Iris, expect
peripherals such as
this to become more
commonplace. In the
meantime, however, be
sure to check manufacturer
websites for latest drivers
and whether Windows
10 support is forthcoming
before purchasing.

Surface Type Cover
Available for Surface 2, Surface 3 and Surface Pro 3
devices, these magnetic snap-on covers integrate a
QWERTY keyboard with a full row of function keys.
Ideal then for accessing those new Windows 10
shortcuts and media controls, you’ll also find a built-in
trackpad for more finely navigating the new desktop.
While folded, the keys neatly disable and, when closed,
forms a robust cover protecting your Surface screen
from harm. If that wasn’t enough, all are available in a
range of desirable colours!

Microsoft HoloLens
Very much a Windows device for the future, this is Microsoft’s much
touted move into the realm of virtual reality headsets. Compatible with
Windows 10 and built to fit seamlessly into the product family, this
immersive peripheral blends the real world with Augmented Reality.
Producing a striking 3D holographic image for rendering gaming, home
entertainment and general computing applications, the device tracks
head movements to spatially map a virtual world. With release date and
price yet confirmed, the HoloLens made a
show-stopping appearance during E3 2015,
with Minecraft demo wowing the crowds.

Windows 10 for Beginners 19

Setting up
The first things
to do when
you get your
Windows 10 PC




Create an

22 Upgrade to Windows 10
Take your Windows 8 laptop up a gear

24 Connect to Wi-Fi
Get onto the internet on your laptop

26 Create an account with

Access your user area

28 Create a user account

“One way to get Windows 10
is through Windows Update. It
will automatically download”

Let guests use your PC

30 Add a password to protect
your account

Use added security on your PC

32 Improve your security
Utilise Windows 10’s new features

34 Change the desktop image
Customise your background picture

36 Personalise the Start menu
Change the colours and move tiles

38 Customise your PC’s settings
to suit your needs

Edit the way your computer works

42 Use Control Panel to

manage your system

Get to know the hub of your PC

46 Set up the Windows firewall
Protect your PC from viruses

48 Set up Windows Defender
Save your PC from attacks

Edit your
Start Menu

20 Windows 10 for Beginners

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